LEARN FRENCH ONLINE ...WITH MONKEYS!

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Je n'aime pas le fromage!

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French learning with monkeys!

Apprendre le français avec des singes savants?

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Apprendre le français avec des singes savants?

SPEAKING IN THE FUTURE TENSE… ALREADY !

OK, so far we haven't really mentioned how you can speak in the future tense. I'm sure in English you can do this.

For
example: “I'm going” + “to buy” + something.

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SEE AN EXAMPLE…
je vais acheter un singe
nous allons acheter un singe
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OBJECTIVES
MYLEARNING!

At the end of lesson 10, you’ll be able to tell a story or describe something in a simple list of points.

Need a recap? We have already covered how to...

OF COURSE…

This works with any animal that you know. In French, you'll find the same possibility; you can buy a monkey if you feel like it. You simply use the infinitive for the second verb.

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HANG ON A MINUTE ! What is an “infinitive verb” ?

That's easy! Infinitive means: “not expressing tense”. The infinitive forms of the verb are those like to speak (PARLER), to be (ÊTRE), to have (AVOIR), etc. Those verbs, written like this, are not expressing any tense. There are like a raw verbs waiting for you to use them.

Whereas
in English infinitives are signalled by the presence of “to”, like, for instance, “to go”, in French, the infinitive is signalled by an ending: “-ER”, for first group, “-IR” for second Group and “-RE” or “-OIR” for the 3rd group.

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RECAP...

You've been paying attention and now you'll feel more… intelligent. But… Let's recap what we said about the future in the previous bit.

In English
, You can use a present tense if you want to express a future idea or action. For example, you'll say: I am going to buy a monkey. “I am going” is present tense. And if you can do it in English, you can do it in French! But, first of all, you need to refresh the verb "to go". In French, ALLER.

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ESSENTIAL IRREGULAR VERB…
Présent de l'indicatif
I goje vais
you gotu vas
he goesil va
we gonous allons
you go (formal)vous allez
they goils vont
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THE FUTURE IS YOURS…

Now, you can express an idea in future, like buying a monkey. Whereas in English you have the -ING form (I am going), in French, you use the present tense: “je vais”. Observe that the second verb of the sentence, BUY is in infinitive, TO BUY. In English, the sentence would be:

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STRUCTURE / PATTERN…
I am going (1st verb) + to buy (2nd verb) + a thing
Je vais + acheter + un singe
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EXAMPLES…
Je vais acheter un boa
Tu vas parler anglais
Nous allons manger un hippopotame
Vous allez manger un hippopotame?
Ils vont manger un boa
Je vais partir en France
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TOP TIP: Free !

In English, when a verb follows another verb, the second one is infinitive! "I want to go to the cinema". Well, in French it's the same.

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SO CLEVER…
Je regarde passer les hippopotames
I watch the hippopotamuses passing by
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MY ACHIEVEMENTS
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...You are now able to define what an infinitive verb is....

COMPLEX NEGATIVES

We have already seen the negative of a sentence is made from 2 parts. NE … PAS

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ANOTHER RECAP…
je ne suis pas un singe
vous n'êtes pas un singe
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MORE..
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...Remember that making sentences negative in French is a bit different than in English, due to the two-part negative NE…PAS and the sometimes difficult issue of placement. NE...PAS is the first negative that we learn. But there are actually many negative used just like it....

COMPLEX NEGATIVE…

However, in French, there are other ways to use the negative. NE... and something. Let's look at these and their meanings. In all cases, where sentences are negated (aren't we clever!), the element “NE” comes before the verb… (you knew that already!).

The
first new negative we will look at is NE ... PLUS (not anymore, no longer). Note that we call this the complex negative. See the following examples:

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...You can now speak using the future tense. Very very impressive! Congratulations!...

RANDOM ANIMALS!
snake
un serpent
FRENCH VERB REFERENCE?
SEE SOME EXAMPLE. LISTEN & REPEAT THEM…
Je n'ai plus d'argent
I don't have any more money
Nous n'avons plus de travail
We don't have any more work
Vous n'avez plus d'argent?
Don't you have any more money?
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MORE COMPLEX NEGATIVE…

The second one, is NE ... JAMAIS (not ever, never). The location of the second element (plus, jamais, rien, personne, etc.), is immediately after the verb. I know you remember it, just like PAS, in NE ...PAS.

See
the following examples with NE ...JAMAIS:

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SEE SOME EXAMPLE. LISTEN & REPEAT THEM…
Nous n'avons jamais peur
We are never scared
Les singes n'ont jamais d'argent
The monkeys never have money
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ANOTHER COMPLEX NEGATIVE…

Next one is NE .. RIEN (nothing, not anything). Remember, “NE” goes immediately before the verb and RIEN goes immediately after. You know this already.

See
the following examples:

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LISTEN & REPEAT THE EXAMPLES…
Je ne vois rien
I can't see anything
Je ne veux rien
I don't want anything
Nous ne savons rien
We don't know anything
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ANOTHER COMPLEX NEGATIVE…

Next one is NE .. PERSONNE (nobody, no-one). Remember, “NE” goes immediately before the verb and PERSONNE goes immediately after.

See
the following examples:

TIPS!
MYLEARNING!

Regarding your speaking skills: at the end of this level (Lesson 20), you’ll be able to interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to help you formulate what you are trying to say.

Do you remember these? You have already seen how to...

LISTEN & REPEAT THE EXAMPLES…
Je ne connais personne ici
I know nobody here
Le singe ne parle personne
Mon singe ne veut voir personne
My monkey does not want to see anyone
Mon singe ne parle à personnne
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FRENCH EXERCISES - LESSON 5
QUESTION WITH NEGATIVE…

Sometimes in French we ask something to someone with a negative question. Weird?

Look
at this sentence: “Why don't you come with us?”. In French it would be:

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EXAMPLE OF ANSWER TO A NEGATIVE QUESTION…
- Tu ne viens pas avec nous?
- Si. Je viens avec vous.
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OUI OR SI…?

Observe that the answer is something unexpected. Usually, you say OUI if you want to say yes. There is another way to say YES in French if you answer affirmatively to a negative question, you will say: “SI”.

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ANOHER EXAMPLE…
- Tu n'aimes pas les singes?
- Si, si, beaucoup! Et les hippopotames aussi!
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