ALLER - TO GO [FR], TO GO

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WELCOME! 
ALLER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS - PRESENT
ALLER is an irregular verb 
présent de l'indicatif
negative?
jevais[je vais]
tuvas[tu vas]
ilva[il va]
nousallons[nous allons]
vousallez[vous allez]
ilsvont[ils vont]
présent de l'indicatif
positive?
jenevaispas [je ne vais pas]
tunevaspas [tu ne vas pas]
ilnevapas [il ne va pas]
nousn'allonspas [nous n'allons pas]
vousn'allezpas [vous n'allez pas]
ilsnevontpas [ils ne vont pas]
[ALLER]
ALLER
TO GO [FR],  TO GO
It means that it does not follow any regular pattern; it’s in a league of its own. Hence; we call it irregular. ALLER belongs to the 3rd group. In the 3rd group, all the verbs are irregular. Good news: only 25% of all French verbs are irregular. So relax!
PRÉSENT DE L'INDICATIF

This tense is used most of the time. It indicates an action which is happening at the present time or a habitual action.

HOW TO USE ALLER: (ALLER EXAMPLES)
- GENERAL USE -
definitionsexample use 
to go toJe vais chez le docteur cet après-midi  
to be doingComment ça va?  
to lead,  to goCette route va à Paris  
to suit,  to look good onCette nouvelle paire de jeans te va très bien.  
- INFORMAL USE -
definitionsexample useexpression
to goAller au dodo Allez au dodo les enfants! 
to goAller au petit coin Je voudrais aller au petit coin. 
to goAller au turbin Je vais au turbin tous les jours à 5h00 
to goAller de travers Tout va de travers aujourd'hui! 
to goAller se faire foutre Vas te faire foutre! 
to goAller au charbon Je vais au charbon tous les jours à 5h00. 
- FORMAL USE -
definitionsexample useexpression
to goAller à l'essentiel Mais… laissez-moi aller à l'essentiel. 
to goAller au diable Allez au diable! 
to goAller aux toilettes Je peux aller aux toilettes? 
to goAller au lit Allez au lit les enfants; il est tard. 
to goAller au-devant des ennuis Si tu ne pars pas maintenant, tu vas au-devant des ennuis. 
to goAller à son rythme Moi, j'aime aller à mon rythme quand je fais les choses 
to goAller de mieux en mieux Moi, je vais de mieux en mieux! 
to goAller à l'encontre de Tout cela va à l'encontre de mes principes. 
to goAller comme un gant Cette robe vous va comme un gant. 
to goAller dans le sens de quelqu'un Je vais totalement dans votre sens, cher monsieur. 
to goAller de l'avant Quoiqu'il arrive, il faut aller de l'avant. 
to goAller de mal en pis Il va de mal en pis; il ne passera pas l'été. 
WHAT'S A TENSE ? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB ALLER
What can you do with the present tense ? 
passé récent
negative?
jeviensd'aller
tuviensd'aller
ilvientd'aller
nousvenonsd'aller
vousvenezd'aller
ilsviennentd'aller
passé récent
positive?
jenevienspasd'aller 
tunevienspasd'aller 
ilnevientpasd'aller 
nousnevenonspasd'aller 
vousnevenezpasd'aller 
ilsneviennentpasd'aller 
futur proche
negative?
jevaisaller
tuvasaller
ilvaaller
nousallonsaller
vousallezaller
ilsvontaller
futur proche
positive?
jenevaispasaller 
tunevaspasaller 
ilnevapasaller 
nousn'allonspasaller 
vousn'allezpasaller 
ilsnevontpasaller 
impératif
negative?
va
allons
allez
impératif
positive?
 
nevapas 
 
n'allonspas 
n'allezpas 
 
Well, with the present tense you can describe actions which are occurring now, in the present. But you can do many other things with it too. Look below and you will see that, in French, you can use the present tense combined with other features in such a way that it means something totally different.
IMPÉRATIF

The French imperative (the command tense) of 1st group verbs is very easy to learn. It is used to express command or a request. It's actually the normal present tense but a shorter version.

It is formed
by dropping the "I, you, he, she, we, you, they", of the present tense. Then you erase nearly all the persons but 3; the "you" singular, the "you" plural and the "we" plural.

FUTUR PROCHE

The "futur proche" (near future) is made of the present tense plus another verb. If you look at the conjugation you'll see another verb: ALLER.

The NEAR FUTURE
is therefore expressed by ALLER in the present tense plus the infinitive (the raw verb) of the verb action you are talking about. If you want to speak in future, you just have to learn ALLER (3rd group, irregular).

PASSÉ RÉCENT

The passé recent (recent past) is made of the present tense plus another verb. If you look at the conjugation you'll see another verb: VENIR DE.

The past tense
is therefore expressed by VENIR DE in the present tense plus the infinitive (the raw verb) of the verb action you are talking about. If you want to speak in past, you just have to learn VENIR (3rd group, irregular).

THE 3 FRENCH VERB GROUPS 
ALLER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS
What ? Another present tense ? 
le conditionnel présent
negative?
j'irais
tuirais
ilirait
nousirions
vousiriez
ilsiraient
le conditionnel présent
positive?
jen'iraispas 
tun'iraispas 
iln'iraitpas 
nousn'irionspas 
vousn'iriezpas 
ilsn'iraientpas 
What? A second present tense? I don't understand; I thought there was only one present tense! Help!
LE CONDITIONNEL PRÉSENT

The conditional is used in French to express: Courtesy. If you want to be polite in French, use this mood: Je voudrais du café, s'il vous plaît. I would like some coffee, please. An obligation or duty: Nous devrions partir pour prendre le dernier métro. We should leave if we want to get the last train.

Remember
: The French verb DEVOIR + Infinitive is the exact translation for SHOULD: We should leave if we want to catch the last train. The French verb POUVOIR is the exact translation for COULD or WOULD BE ABLE TO: Nous pourrions venir après le déjeuner. We would be able to come after lunch.

WHAT'S A VERB ? 
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... What's a verb? A verb is doing word; it's an action like to TO EAT, TO SPEAK, TO LEARN, TO CONTROL, TO BE etc. You could argue that TO BE, is not an action. And I'll answer that TO DO NOTHING is also an action. Did you get that? ...

Similar French Verbs
convenir  |  se porter  |  être  |  fonctionner  |  rentrer
Contrary French Verbs
rester  |  quitter
WHAT'S A MOOD ? 
WHAT'S AN INFINITIVE ? 
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... An infinitive is the raw verb. It means "not expressing tense". For instance, in the sentence: "I go to bed early", the infinitive for the verb "I go" is: TO GO. So easy! In English, you get the infinitive adding TO before the verb in the sentence. Infinitives are everywhere. Look at this example: I want to leave early tonight. Yes, after a verb use with a person (I, you, he, she, etc.); in our example "I want", you'll always have an infinitive, in our example: to leave. ...

FRENCH VERB ALLER - THE INDICATIVE MOOD
The indicative mood – Recap. 
présent de l'indicatif
negative?
jevais[je vais]
tuvas[tu vas]
ilva[il va]
nousallons[nous allons]
vousallez[vous allez]
ilsvont[ils vont]
présent de l'indicatif
positive?
jenevaispas [je ne vais pas]
tunevaspas [tu ne vas pas]
ilnevapas [il ne va pas]
nousn'allonspas [nous n'allons pas]
vousn'allezpas [vous n'allez pas]
ilsnevontpas [ils ne vont pas]
The easiest mood! If you want to merely make a statement or ask a question about anything really, you'll use the most common mood, the Indicative Mood. In short, this is the mood we use most of the time; the present, the future, the imperfect you normally use are indicative.
PRÉSENT DE L'INDICATIF

This tense is used most of the time. It indicates an action which is happening at the present time or a habitual action.

ALLER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS - VERB ALLER
futur
negative?
j'irai
tuiras
ilira
nousirons
vousirez
ilsiront
futur
positive?
jen'iraipas 
tun'iraspas 
iln'irapas 
nousn'ironspas 
vousn'irezpas 
ilsn'irontpas 
imparfait de l'indicatif
negative?
j'allais
tuallais
ilallait
nousallions
vousalliez
ilsallaient
imparfait de l'indicatif
positive?
jen'allaispas 
tun'allaispas 
iln'allaitpas 
nousn'allionspas 
vousn'alliezpas 
ilsn'allaientpas 
passé simple
negative?
j'allai
tuallas
ilalla
nousallâmes
vousallâtes
ilsallèrent
passé simple
positive?
jen'allaipas 
tun'allaspas 
iln'allapas 
nousn'allâmespas 
vousn'allâtespas 
ilsn'allèrentpas 
PASSÉ SIMPLE

Good news! This past tense is not used in conversional French. Only literary people use it in formal writing, for example, in a novel or a history book. The truth is that this tense is nearly dead. So… You can forget it for the moment (unless your proficiency level is very very high)

IMPARFAIT DE L'INDICATIF

This is a past tense. It is use to indicate repetition in the past or a habit in the past: Nous allions au restaurant tous les jours. We used to go to the restaurant every day.

It is also
the tense you must use when describing an action in the past: Il était heureux quand je l'ai vu. He was happy when I saw him.

FUTUR

This tense expresses an action which will take place at some time in the future. Nous irons en Chine l'hiver prochain. We will go to China next summer

WHAT'S A COMPOUND TENSE ? 
PASSÉ COMPOSÉ
More about The indicative mood! 
passé composé
negative?
jesuisallé[je suis allé]
tuesallé[tu es allé]
ilestallé[il est allé]
noussommesallés[nous sommes allés]
vousêtesallé[vous êtes allé]
ilssontallés[ils sont allés]
passé composé
positive?
jenesuispasallé [je ne suis pas allé]
tun'espasallé [tu n'es pas allé]
iln'estpasallé [il n'est pas allé]
nousnesommespasallés [nous ne sommes pas allés]
vousn'êtespasallé [vous n'êtes pas allé]
ilsnesontpasallés [ils ne sont pas allés]
In French there are 7 compound tenses. But only 4 of them belong to the INDICATIVE.
PASSÉ COMPOSÉ

The Past Indefinite or Compound Past is used in everyday French. It's the informal past tense. It's used when people want to talk about facts, about actions which are finished in the past.

If you want
to describe your day at school or at the office, for example, you must use the Compound Past. There is no other way to do it.

If you want
to know what a compound tense is, go to the tab on the left hand side which says: "What's a compound tense?". Clever!?

TIP 
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... TIP: verb conjugation only occurs in two general areas: using person (I, you, he, she, etc.) and for tenses (Present, past, future, etc.). Conjugation for person happens when the subject changes; it depends on who is acting: I, you, he, she, etc. For example, we have I learn, you learn, s/he learns, etc. Using tense (past, present, future, etc.), remember that all verb conjugation starts with an infinitive verb (Put simple: an infinitive is the to form of a verb: to have, to be, to learn, etc.) ...

WHAT'S A PAST PARTICIPLE ? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB ALLER - VERB ALLER
Tip 
plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif
negative?
j'étaisallé
tuétaisallé
ilétaitallé
nousétionsallés
vousétiezallés
ilsétaientallés
plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif
positive?
jen'étaispasallé 
tun'étaispasallé 
iln'étaitpasallé 
nousn'étionspasallés 
vousn'étiezpasallés 
ilsn'étaientpasallés 
passé antérieur de l'indicatif
negative?
jefusallé
tufusallé
ilfutallé
nousfûmesallés
vousfûtesallés
ilsfurentallés
passé antérieur de l'indicatif
positive?
jenefuspasallé 
tunefuspasallé 
ilnefutpasallé 
nousnefûmespasallés 
vousnefûtespasallés 
ilsnefurentpasallés 
futur antérieur
negative?
jeseraiallé
tuserasallé
ilseraallé
nousseronsallés
vousserezallés
ilsserontallés
futur antérieur
positive?
jeneseraipasallé 
tuneseraspasallé 
ilneserapasallé 
nousneseronspasallés 
vousneserezpasallés 
ilsneserontpasallés 
It's really easy to understand compound tenses when you realise that:
*
The second part is always the same (It's like the –ed form in English; it's always the same in compound tenses).
*
But, the first part is not always in present tense. Remember the Compound past? J'ai préparé des spaghetti. (Literally: I have prepared spaghetti). This 1st part is in the present tense!

Now
, Look at the following tense: the pluperfect (le Plus-que-parfait):
J'avais préparé des spaghetti.
(I had prepared spaghetti). "I had" is not a present tense: it's the imperfect of TO HAVE. Thus, The pluperfect in English is identical to French; the first part of the tense is in the past.

Now
, look at this tense in English (tricky one): "I will have prepared spaghetti". The 1st part is "will have" (It's a future – The tense is called Future perfect and yes, it's English). In French, we will say: J'aurai préparé des spaghetti ("j'aurai" is TO HAVE in the future).
FUTUR ANTÉRIEUR

The Future Perfect or Future Anterior, is an interesting tense. In French and English, it is used to express an action which will happen in the future before another future action.

In English
we commonly use Shall have or will have + the Past participle.

See
the following example: When she calls me tomorrow, I shall have finished my report (Quand elle appellera demain, j'aurai fini mon rapport).

PASSÉ ANTÉRIEUR DE L'INDICATIF

Past Anterior. This tense is not very used in French; it's a literary tense (writing only). So, unless you are a writer and/or you want to read Balzac, you can put it aside for the moment.

PLUS-QUE-PARFAIT DE L'INDICATIF

The pluperfect or Past Perfect Indicative is used to express an action which happened in the past before another past action.

Tricky?
No. Look at the following example: "I had seen the movie he told us about." "I had seen" is the Pluperfect. You might never have seen this structure because in English, it's not really used. But it's perfectly correct. First someone told us about a movie (Past tense), second, I had seen it before (Action of "seeing" before the action of "telling"). Both tense are in the Past.

WHAT'S A PRESENT PARTICIPLE? 
FRENCH VERB ALLER - THE CONDITIONAL MOOD
The Conditional Mood 
le conditionnel présent
negative?
j'irais
tuirais
ilirait
nousirions
vousiriez
ilsiraient
le conditionnel présent
positive?
jen'iraispas 
tun'iraispas 
iln'iraitpas 
nousn'irionspas 
vousn'iriezpas 
ilsn'iraientpas 
It refers to actions / events which would, should or could happen in the future if certain conditions were met. In short, when an English speaker wants to use WOULD, SHOULD or COULD; she / he uses the conditional mood. Look at the following simple tense in conditional:
THE CONDITIONAL AND JOURNALISM

The conditional is often used in journalistic language. When journalists want to state something as an "alleged" fact, or doesn't wish to state something definitely true they use the conditional.

It is
also used in French as "could" and "would" are in English to make a request more polite: Je voudrais réserver une table pour deux, s'il vous plaît. (I would like to book a table for two, please.)

WHAT'S A TRANSITIVE VERB? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB ALLER
The conditional's compound tense! 
le conditionnel passé
negative?
jeseraisallé
tuseraisallé
ilseraitallé
nousserionsallés
vousseriezallé
ilsseraientallés
le conditionnel passé
positive?
jeneseraispasallé 
tuneseraispasallé 
ilneseraitpasallé 
nousneserionspasallés 
vousneseriezpasallé 
ilsneseraientpasallés 
The conditional has only one compound tense; the Conditional Perfect (le Conditionnel Passé).
LE CONDITIONNEL PASSÉ

The Conditional Perfect. Is used to express an action or an event that you would have done if something else had been possible. "Would have" could be translated by the French conditional "j'aurais".

"Done"
is the past participle of to do (fait).

WHAT IS A SUBORDINATE CLAUSE? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB ALLER - VERB ALLER
The Subjunctive mood 
présent du subjonctif
negative?
quej'aille
quetuailles
qu'ilaille
quenousallions
quevousalliez
qu'ilsaillent
présent du subjonctif
positive?
quejen'aillepas
quetun'aillespas
qu'iln'aillepas
quenousn'allionspas
quevousn'alliezpas
qu'ilsn'aillentpas
imparfait du subjonctif
negative?
quej'allasse
quetuallasses
qu'ilallât
quenousallassions
quevousallassiez
qu'ilsallassent
imparfait du subjonctif
positive?
quejen'allassepas
quetun'allassespas
qu'iln'allâtpas
quenousn'allassionspas
quevousn'allassiezpas
qu'ilsn'allassentpas
The Subjunctive mood is used in French much more than in English (Actually, most English speakers don't know that it even exists!). But the Subjunctive is quite commonly used in English to express an idea contrary to a fact: "If I were you, I would learn a second language". In French, it is a very common tense. You'll use it if you want to express a wish, a fear, a doubt or a supposition.
IMPARFAIT DU SUBJONCTIF

The Imperfect subjunctive is not in use anymore. You'll find it in literature and old poetry. This tense is also rarely used in English.

PRÉSENT DU SUBJONCTIF

The subjunctive is used mainly in subordinate clause. It means that in the majority of cases where the subjunctive is used, there is no other choice; it is required after some specific expression. These expression express fear, doubt, supposition and wish.

Hang
on a minute! What does subordinate mean? See the tab on the left hand side of this page.

WHAT'S AN INTRANSITIVE VERB? 
FRENCH VERB ALLER - THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
The subjunctive mood and compound tenses 
passé du subjonctif
negative?
quejesoisallé
quetusoisallé
qu'ilsoitallé
quenoussoyonsallés
quevoussoyezallés
qu'ilssoientallés
passé du subjonctif
positive?
quejenesoispasallé
quetunesoispasallé
qu'ilnesoitpasallé
quenousnesoyonspasallés
quevousnesoyezpasallés
qu'ilsnesoientpasallés
plus-que-parfait du subjonctif
negative?
quejefusseallé
quetufussesallé
qu'ilfûtallé
quenousfussionsallés
quevousfussiezallés
qu'ilsfussentallés
plus-que-parfait du subjonctif
positive?
quejenefussepasallé
quetunefussespasallé
qu'ilnefûtpasallé
quenousnefussionspasallés
quevousnefussiezpasallés
qu'ilsnefussentpasallés
spe The subjunctive mood has also compound tenses. The following ones are not very common in every day French conversation. They are actually quite rare.
PLUS-QUE-PARFAIT DU SUBJONCTIF

The Pluperfect or Past Perfect Subjunctive is rarely used in French and in English.

This tense
is avoided in conversational informal writing and speaking. It is useful if you read a lot of French literature from the 19th century.

PASSÉ DU SUBJONCTIF

The past or perfect subjunctive expresses a past action which is in relation to the present time.

This tense
is very rarely used in English but quite common in French. Il est probable qu'elle ait téléphoné (It's probable she may have called)

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