DEMANDER - TO ASK (FOR), TO REQUEST

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DEMANDER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS - PRESENT
DEMANDER is a regular verb 
présent de l'indicatif
negative?
jedemande[je demande]
tudemandes[tu demandes]
ildemande[il demande]
nousdemandons[nous demandons]
vousdemandez[vous demandez]
ilsdemandent[ils demandent]
présent de l'indicatif
positive?
jenedemandepas [je ne demande pas]
tunedemandespas [tu ne demandes pas]
ilnedemandepas [il ne demande pas]
nousnedemandonspas [nous ne demandons pas]
vousnedemandezpas [vous ne demandez pas]
ilsnedemandentpas [ils ne demandent pas]
[DEMANDER]
DEMANDER
TO ASK (FOR),  TO REQUEST
It means that it’s easy to learn because it has a predictable pattern. DEMANDER belongs to the 1st group, regular. All regular verbs belonging to this 1st group have the same ending: -ER.

Good
news: 70% of all French verbs are regular. So relax!
PRÉSENT DE L'INDICATIF

This tense is used most of the time. It indicates an action which is happening at the present time or a habitual action.

HOW TO USE DEMANDER: (DEMANDER EXAMPLES)
- GENERAL USE -
definitionsexample use 
to askIl a demandé son chemin  
to ask for,  to request,  to requestJ'ai demandé une voiture au père Noel  
to be in great demandCe nouveau modèle est très demandé  
to require,  to call forCet art demande beaucoup de talent  
to wonderJe me demande s'il va venir  
- INFORMAL USE -
definitionsexample useexpression
to askDemander la Lune Tu me demandes la Lune, là. 
to askSans demander son reste Il est parti sans demander son reste 
- FORMAL USE -
definitionsexample useexpression
to askDemander de l'aide Elle demande de l'aide tout le temps! 
to askDemander en mariage Il m'a demandé en mariage le mois dernier 
to askDemander l'asile politique Le syndicaliste a demandé l'asIle politique à la France 
to askDemander pardon Je te demande pardon 
to askDemander une rançon Ils ont demandé une rançon de 2 millions d'Euros. 
to askDemander la main de quelqu'un Je vais lui demander sa main demain 
to askDemander la parole Il a demandé la parole et a insulté tout le monde 
to askDemander grâce Le coupable a demandé grâce au juge 
to askDemander à droite et à gauche Elle a demandé des renseignements à droite et à gauche 
to askDemander conseil à quelqu'un Je peux te demander un conseil? 
to askDemander à cor et à cris Il a demandé un médecin à cor et à cris 
WHAT'S A TENSE ? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB DEMANDER
What can you do with the present tense ? 
passé récent
negative?
jeviensdedemander
tuviensdedemander
ilvientdedemander
nousvenonsdedemander
vousvenezdedemander
ilsviennentdedemander
passé récent
positive?
jenevienspasdedemander 
tunevienspasdedemander 
ilnevientpasdedemander 
nousnevenonspasdedemander 
vousnevenezpasdedemander 
ilsneviennentpasdedemander 
futur proche
negative?
jevaisdemander
tuvasdemander
ilvademander
nousallonsdemander
vousallezdemander
ilsvontdemander
futur proche
positive?
jenevaispasdemander 
tunevaspasdemander 
ilnevapasdemander 
nousn'allonspasdemander 
vousn'allezpasdemander 
ilsnevontpasdemander 
impératif
negative?
demande
demandons
demandez
impératif
positive?
 
nedemandepas 
 
nedemandonspas 
nedemandezpas 
 
Well, with the present tense you can describe actions which are occurring now, in the present. But you can do many other things with it too. Look below and you will see that, in French, you can use the present tense combined with other features in such a way that it means something totally different.
IMPÉRATIF

The French imperative (the command tense) of 1st group verbs is very easy to learn. It is used to express command or a request. It's actually the normal present tense but a shorter version.

It is formed
by dropping the "I, you, he, she, we, you, they", of the present tense. Then you erase nearly all the persons but 3; the "you" singular, the "you" plural and the "we" plural.

FUTUR PROCHE

The "futur proche" (near future) is made of the present tense plus another verb. If you look at the conjugation you'll see another verb: ALLER.

The NEAR FUTURE
is therefore expressed by ALLER in the present tense plus the infinitive (the raw verb) of the verb action you are talking about. If you want to speak in future, you just have to learn ALLER (3rd group, irregular).

PASSÉ RÉCENT

The passé recent (recent past) is made of the present tense plus another verb. If you look at the conjugation you'll see another verb: VENIR DE.

The past tense
is therefore expressed by VENIR DE in the present tense plus the infinitive (the raw verb) of the verb action you are talking about. If you want to speak in past, you just have to learn VENIR (3rd group, irregular).

THE 3 FRENCH VERB GROUPS 
DEMANDER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS
What ? Another present tense ? 
le conditionnel présent
negative?
jedemanderais
tudemanderais
ildemanderait
nousdemanderions
vousdemanderiez
ilsdemanderaient
le conditionnel présent
positive?
jenedemanderaispas 
tunedemanderaispas 
ilnedemanderaitpas 
nousnedemanderionspas 
vousnedemanderiezpas 
ilsnedemanderaientpas 
What? A second present tense? I don't understand; I thought there was only one present tense! Help!
LE CONDITIONNEL PRÉSENT

The conditional is used in French to express: Courtesy. If you want to be polite in French, use this mood: Je voudrais du café, s'il vous plaît. I would like some coffee, please. An obligation or duty: Nous devrions partir pour prendre le dernier métro. We should leave if we want to get the last train.

Remember
: The French verb DEVOIR + Infinitive is the exact translation for SHOULD: We should leave if we want to catch the last train. The French verb POUVOIR is the exact translation for COULD or WOULD BE ABLE TO: Nous pourrions venir après le déjeuner. We would be able to come after lunch.

WHAT'S A VERB ? 
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... What's a verb? A verb is doing word; it's an action like to TO EAT, TO SPEAK, TO LEARN, TO CONTROL, TO BE etc. You could argue that TO BE, is not an action. And I'll answer that TO DO NOTHING is also an action. Did you get that? ...

Similar French Verbs
quémander  |  mendier  |  prier  |  conjurer  |  implorer  |  réclamer  |  requérir  |  solliciter  |  interroger  |  questionner
Contrary French Verbs
offrir  |  refuser  |  répondre
WHAT'S A MOOD ? 
WHAT'S AN INFINITIVE ? 
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... An infinitive is the raw verb. It means "not expressing tense". For instance, in the sentence: "I go to bed early", the infinitive for the verb "I go" is: TO GO. So easy! In English, you get the infinitive adding TO before the verb in the sentence. Infinitives are everywhere. Look at this example: I want to leave early tonight. Yes, after a verb use with a person (I, you, he, she, etc.); in our example "I want", you'll always have an infinitive, in our example: to leave. ...

FRENCH VERB DEMANDER - THE INDICATIVE MOOD
The indicative mood – Recap. 
présent de l'indicatif
negative?
jedemande[je demande]
tudemandes[tu demandes]
ildemande[il demande]
nousdemandons[nous demandons]
vousdemandez[vous demandez]
ilsdemandent[ils demandent]
présent de l'indicatif
positive?
jenedemandepas [je ne demande pas]
tunedemandespas [tu ne demandes pas]
ilnedemandepas [il ne demande pas]
nousnedemandonspas [nous ne demandons pas]
vousnedemandezpas [vous ne demandez pas]
ilsnedemandentpas [ils ne demandent pas]
The easiest mood! If you want to merely make a statement or ask a question about anything really, you'll use the most common mood, the Indicative Mood. In short, this is the mood we use most of the time; the present, the future, the imperfect you normally use are indicative.
PRÉSENT DE L'INDICATIF

This tense is used most of the time. It indicates an action which is happening at the present time or a habitual action.

DEMANDER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS - VERB DEMANDER
futur
negative?
jedemanderai
tudemanderas
ildemandera
nousdemanderons
vousdemanderez
ilsdemanderont
futur
positive?
jenedemanderaipas 
tunedemanderaspas 
ilnedemanderapas 
nousnedemanderonspas 
vousnedemanderezpas 
ilsnedemanderontpas 
imparfait de l'indicatif
negative?
jedemandais
tudemandais
ildemandait
nousdemandions
vousdemandiez
ilsdemandaient
imparfait de l'indicatif
positive?
jenedemandaispas 
tunedemandaispas 
ilnedemandaitpas 
nousnedemandionspas 
vousnedemandiezpas 
ilsnedemandaientpas 
passé simple
negative?
jedemandai
tudemandas
ildemanda
nousdemandâmes
vousdemandâtes
ilsdemandèrent
passé simple
positive?
jenedemandaipas 
tunedemandaspas 
ilnedemandapas 
nousnedemandâmespas 
vousnedemandâtespas 
ilsnedemandèrentpas 
PASSÉ SIMPLE

Good news! This past tense is not used in conversional French. Only literary people use it in formal writing, for example, in a novel or a history book. The truth is that this tense is nearly dead. So… You can forget it for the moment (unless your proficiency level is very very high)

IMPARFAIT DE L'INDICATIF

This is a past tense. It is use to indicate repetition in the past or a habit in the past: Nous allions au restaurant tous les jours. We used to go to the restaurant every day.

It is also
the tense you must use when describing an action in the past: Il était heureux quand je l'ai vu. He was happy when I saw him.

FUTUR

This tense expresses an action which will take place at some time in the future. Nous irons en Chine l'hiver prochain. We will go to China next summer

WHAT'S A COMPOUND TENSE ? 
PASSÉ COMPOSÉ
More about The indicative mood! 
passé composé
negative?
j'aidemandé[j'ai demandé]
tuasdemandé[tu as demandé]
ilademandé[il a demandé]
nousavonsdemandé[nous avons demandé]
vousavezdemandé[vous avez demandé]
ilsontdemandé[ils ont demandé]
passé composé
positive?
jen'aipasdemandé [je n'ai pas demandé]
tun'aspasdemandé [tu n'as pas demandé]
iln'apasdemandé [il n'a pas demandé]
nousn'avonspasdemandé [nous n'avons pas demandé]
vousn'avezpasdemandé [vous n'avez pas demandé]
ilsn'ontpasdemandé [ils n'ont pas demandé]
In French there are 7 compound tenses. But only 4 of them belong to the INDICATIVE.
PASSÉ COMPOSÉ

The Past Indefinite or Compound Past is used in everyday French. It's the informal past tense. It's used when people want to talk about facts, about actions which are finished in the past.

If you want
to describe your day at school or at the office, for example, you must use the Compound Past. There is no other way to do it.

If you want
to know what a compound tense is, go to the tab on the left hand side which says: "What's a compound tense?". Clever!?

TIP 
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... TIP: verb conjugation only occurs in two general areas: using person (I, you, he, she, etc.) and for tenses (Present, past, future, etc.). Conjugation for person happens when the subject changes; it depends on who is acting: I, you, he, she, etc. For example, we have I learn, you learn, s/he learns, etc. Using tense (past, present, future, etc.), remember that all verb conjugation starts with an infinitive verb (Put simple: an infinitive is the to form of a verb: to have, to be, to learn, etc.) ...

WHAT'S A PAST PARTICIPLE ? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB DEMANDER - VERB DEMANDER
Tip 
plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif
negative?
j'avaisdemandé
tuavaisdemandé
ilavaitdemandé
nousavionsdemandé
vousaviezdemandé
ilsavaientdemandé
plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif
positive?
jen'avaispasdemandé 
tun'avaispasdemandé 
iln'avaitpasdemandé 
nousn'avionspasdemandé 
vousn'aviezpasdemandé 
ilsn'avaientpasdemandé 
passé antérieur de l'indicatif
negative?
j'eusdemandé
tueusdemandé
ileutdemandé
nouseûmesdemandé
vouseûtesdemandé
ilseurentdemandé
passé antérieur de l'indicatif
positive?
jen'euspasdemandé 
tun'euspasdemandé 
iln'eutpasdemandé 
nousn'eûmespasdemandé 
vousn'eûtespasdemandé 
ilsn'eurentpasdemandé 
futur antérieur
negative?
j'auraidemandé
tuaurasdemandé
ilaurademandé
nousauronsdemandé
vousaurezdemandé
ilsaurontdemandé
futur antérieur
positive?
jen'auraipasdemandé 
tun'auraspasdemandé 
iln'aurapasdemandé 
nousn'auronspasdemandé 
vousn'aurezpasdemandé 
ilsn'aurontpasdemandé 
It's really easy to understand compound tenses when you realise that:
*
The second part is always the same (It's like the –ed form in English; it's always the same in compound tenses).
*
But, the first part is not always in present tense. Remember the Compound past? J'ai préparé des spaghetti. (Literally: I have prepared spaghetti). This 1st part is in the present tense!

Now
, Look at the following tense: the pluperfect (le Plus-que-parfait):
J'avais préparé des spaghetti.
(I had prepared spaghetti). "I had" is not a present tense: it's the imperfect of TO HAVE. Thus, The pluperfect in English is identical to French; the first part of the tense is in the past.

Now
, look at this tense in English (tricky one): "I will have prepared spaghetti". The 1st part is "will have" (It's a future – The tense is called Future perfect and yes, it's English). In French, we will say: J'aurai préparé des spaghetti ("j'aurai" is TO HAVE in the future).
FUTUR ANTÉRIEUR

The Future Perfect or Future Anterior, is an interesting tense. In French and English, it is used to express an action which will happen in the future before another future action.

In English
we commonly use Shall have or will have + the Past participle.

See
the following example: When she calls me tomorrow, I shall have finished my report (Quand elle appellera demain, j'aurai fini mon rapport).

PASSÉ ANTÉRIEUR DE L'INDICATIF

Past Anterior. This tense is not very used in French; it's a literary tense (writing only). So, unless you are a writer and/or you want to read Balzac, you can put it aside for the moment.

PLUS-QUE-PARFAIT DE L'INDICATIF

The pluperfect or Past Perfect Indicative is used to express an action which happened in the past before another past action.

Tricky?
No. Look at the following example: "I had seen the movie he told us about." "I had seen" is the Pluperfect. You might never have seen this structure because in English, it's not really used. But it's perfectly correct. First someone told us about a movie (Past tense), second, I had seen it before (Action of "seeing" before the action of "telling"). Both tense are in the Past.

WHAT'S A PRESENT PARTICIPLE? 
FRENCH VERB DEMANDER - THE CONDITIONAL MOOD
The Conditional Mood 
le conditionnel présent
negative?
jedemanderais
tudemanderais
ildemanderait
nousdemanderions
vousdemanderiez
ilsdemanderaient
le conditionnel présent
positive?
jenedemanderaispas 
tunedemanderaispas 
ilnedemanderaitpas 
nousnedemanderionspas 
vousnedemanderiezpas 
ilsnedemanderaientpas 
It refers to actions / events which would, should or could happen in the future if certain conditions were met. In short, when an English speaker wants to use WOULD, SHOULD or COULD; she / he uses the conditional mood. Look at the following simple tense in conditional:
THE CONDITIONAL AND JOURNALISM

The conditional is often used in journalistic language. When journalists want to state something as an "alleged" fact, or doesn't wish to state something definitely true they use the conditional.

It is
also used in French as "could" and "would" are in English to make a request more polite: Je voudrais réserver une table pour deux, s'il vous plaît. (I would like to book a table for two, please.)

WHAT'S A TRANSITIVE VERB? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB DEMANDER
The conditional's compound tense! 
le conditionnel passé
negative?
j'auraisdemandé
tuauraisdemandé
ilauraitdemandé
nousaurionsdemandé
vousauriezdemandé
ilsauraientdemandé
le conditionnel passé
positive?
jen'auraispasdemandé 
tun'auraispasdemandé 
iln'auraitpasdemandé 
nousn'aurionspasdemandé 
vousn'auriezpasdemandé 
ilsn'auraientpasdemandé 
The conditional has only one compound tense; the Conditional Perfect (le Conditionnel Passé).
LE CONDITIONNEL PASSÉ

The Conditional Perfect. Is used to express an action or an event that you would have done if something else had been possible. "Would have" could be translated by the French conditional "j'aurais".

"Done"
is the past participle of to do (fait).

WHAT IS A SUBORDINATE CLAUSE? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB DEMANDER - VERB DEMANDER
The Subjunctive mood 
présent du subjonctif
negative?
quejedemande
quetudemandes
qu'ildemande
quenousdemandions
quevousdemandiez
qu'ilsdemandent
présent du subjonctif
positive?
quejenedemandepas
quetunedemandespas
qu'ilnedemandepas
quenousnedemandionspas
quevousnedemandiezpas
qu'ilsnedemandentpas
imparfait du subjonctif
negative?
quejedemandasse
quetudemandasses
qu'ildemandât
quenousdemandassions
quevousdemandassiez
qu'ilsdemandassent
imparfait du subjonctif
positive?
quejenedemandassepas
quetunedemandassespas
qu'ilnedemandâtpas
quenousnedemandassionspas
quevousnedemandassiezpas
qu'ilsnedemandassentpas
The Subjunctive mood is used in French much more than in English (Actually, most English speakers don't know that it even exists!). But the Subjunctive is quite commonly used in English to express an idea contrary to a fact: "If I were you, I would learn a second language". In French, it is a very common tense. You'll use it if you want to express a wish, a fear, a doubt or a supposition.
IMPARFAIT DU SUBJONCTIF

The Imperfect subjunctive is not in use anymore. You'll find it in literature and old poetry. This tense is also rarely used in English.

PRÉSENT DU SUBJONCTIF

The subjunctive is used mainly in subordinate clause. It means that in the majority of cases where the subjunctive is used, there is no other choice; it is required after some specific expression. These expression express fear, doubt, supposition and wish.

Hang
on a minute! What does subordinate mean? See the tab on the left hand side of this page.

WHAT'S AN INTRANSITIVE VERB? 
FRENCH VERB DEMANDER - THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
The subjunctive mood and compound tenses 
passé du subjonctif
negative?
quej'aiedemandé
quetuaiesdemandé
qu'ilaitdemandé
quenousayonsdemandé
quevousayezdemandé
qu'ilsaientdemandé
passé du subjonctif
positive?
quejen'aiepasdemandé
quetun'aiespasdemandé
qu'iln'aitpasdemandé
quenousn'ayonspasdemandé
quevousn'ayezpasdemandé
qu'ilsn'aientpasdemandé
plus-que-parfait du subjonctif
negative?
quej'eussedemandé
quetueussesdemandé
qu'ileûtdemandé
quenouseussionsdemandé
quevouseussiezdemandé
qu'ilseussentdemandé
plus-que-parfait du subjonctif
positive?
quejen'eussepasdemandé
quetun'eussespasdemandé
qu'iln'eûtpasdemandé
quenousn'eussionspasdemandé
quevousn'eussiezpasdemandé
qu'ilsn'eussentpasdemandé
spe The subjunctive mood has also compound tenses. The following ones are not very common in every day French conversation. They are actually quite rare.
PLUS-QUE-PARFAIT DU SUBJONCTIF

The Pluperfect or Past Perfect Subjunctive is rarely used in French and in English.

This tense
is avoided in conversational informal writing and speaking. It is useful if you read a lot of French literature from the 19th century.

PASSÉ DU SUBJONCTIF

The past or perfect subjunctive expresses a past action which is in relation to the present time.

This tense
is very rarely used in English but quite common in French. Il est probable qu'elle ait téléphoné (It's probable she may have called)

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