JOUER - TO PLAY, TO ACT, TO GAMBLE

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JOUER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS - PRESENT
JOUER is a regular verb 
présent de l'indicatif
negative?
jejoue[je joue]
tujoues[tu joues]
iljoue[il joue]
nousjouons[nous jouons]
vousjouez[vous jouez]
ilsjouent[ils jouent]
présent de l'indicatif
positive?
jenejouepas [je ne joue pas]
tunejouespas [tu ne joues pas]
ilnejouepas [il ne joue pas]
nousnejouonspas [nous ne jouons pas]
vousnejouezpas [vous ne jouez pas]
ilsnejouentpas [ils ne jouent pas]
[JOUER]
JOUER
TO PLAY,  TO ACT,  TO GAMBLE
It means that it’s easy to learn because it has a predictable pattern. JOUER belongs to the 1st group, regular. All regular verbs belonging to this 1st group have the same ending: -ER.

Good
news: 70% of all French verbs are regular. So relax!
PRÉSENT DE L'INDICATIF

This tense is used most of the time. It indicates an action which is happening at the present time or a habitual action.

HOW TO USE JOUER: (JOUER EXAMPLES)
- GENERAL USE -
definitionsexample use 
to play,  to gambleTu bois trop; tu joues avec ta santé  
to playLes enfants jouent au football  
to playIl joue de la guitare et de la harpe  
to workLes événements jouent contre lui  
to feign,  to pretendQuand il les a vus, il a joué la surprise  
to be loose,  to work looseLa poignée du tiroir joue un peu trop  
- INFORMAL USE -
definitionsexample useexpression
to playJouer gros Il aime jouer gros 
to playJouer comme un pied Il joue comme un pied au football 
to playJouer comme une savate Il joue comme une savate au football 
to playJouer comme un manche Il joue comme un manche au football 
to playJouer les abrutis Arrête de jouer les abrutis avec moi! 
to playJouer les gros bras Je le déteste quand il joue les gros bras 
- FORMAL USE -
definitionsexample useexpression
to playJouer avec le feu Il joue avec le feu; attention! 
to playJouer à la poupée Les filles jouent à la poupée 
to playJouer à la roulette russe Jouer à la roulette russe est stupide 
to playJouer à pile ou face On se la joue à pile ou face 
to playJouer à saute-mouton Les enfants jouent à saute-mouton dans le jardin 
to playJouer au chat et à la souris Arrête de jouer au chat et à la souris avec moi 
to playJouer au plus malin Arrête de jouer au plus malin avec moi 
to playFaire jouer ses relations Il a fait jouer ses relations et il a eu le contrat 
to playJouer à cache-cache Les enfants jouent à cache-cache 
to playJouer à chat perché Les enfants jouent à chat perché 
to playJouer à guichet fermé L'équipe locale joue à guichet fermé 
to playJouer à l'apprenti sorcier Tu joues à l'apprenti sorcier! 
to playJouer à la dinette Les filles jouent à la dinette 
WHAT'S A TENSE ? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB JOUER
What can you do with the present tense ? 
passé récent
negative?
jeviensdejouer
tuviensdejouer
ilvientdejouer
nousvenonsdejouer
vousvenezdejouer
ilsviennentdejouer
passé récent
positive?
jenevienspasdejouer 
tunevienspasdejouer 
ilnevientpasdejouer 
nousnevenonspasdejouer 
vousnevenezpasdejouer 
ilsneviennentpasdejouer 
futur proche
negative?
jevaisjouer
tuvasjouer
ilvajouer
nousallonsjouer
vousallezjouer
ilsvontjouer
futur proche
positive?
jenevaispasjouer 
tunevaspasjouer 
ilnevapasjouer 
nousn'allonspasjouer 
vousn'allezpasjouer 
ilsnevontpasjouer 
impératif
negative?
joue
jouons
jouez
impératif
positive?
 
nejouepas 
 
nejouonspas 
nejouezpas 
 
Well, with the present tense you can describe actions which are occurring now, in the present. But you can do many other things with it too. Look below and you will see that, in French, you can use the present tense combined with other features in such a way that it means something totally different.
IMPÉRATIF

The French imperative (the command tense) of 1st group verbs is very easy to learn. It is used to express command or a request. It's actually the normal present tense but a shorter version.

It is formed
by dropping the "I, you, he, she, we, you, they", of the present tense. Then you erase nearly all the persons but 3; the "you" singular, the "you" plural and the "we" plural.

FUTUR PROCHE

The "futur proche" (near future) is made of the present tense plus another verb. If you look at the conjugation you'll see another verb: ALLER.

The NEAR FUTURE
is therefore expressed by ALLER in the present tense plus the infinitive (the raw verb) of the verb action you are talking about. If you want to speak in future, you just have to learn ALLER (3rd group, irregular).

PASSÉ RÉCENT

The passé recent (recent past) is made of the present tense plus another verb. If you look at the conjugation you'll see another verb: VENIR DE.

The past tense
is therefore expressed by VENIR DE in the present tense plus the infinitive (the raw verb) of the verb action you are talking about. If you want to speak in past, you just have to learn VENIR (3rd group, irregular).

THE 3 FRENCH VERB GROUPS 
JOUER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS
What ? Another present tense ? 
le conditionnel présent
negative?
jejouerais
tujouerais
iljouerait
nousjouerions
vousjoueriez
ilsjoueraient
le conditionnel présent
positive?
jenejoueraispas 
tunejoueraispas 
ilnejoueraitpas 
nousnejouerionspas 
vousnejoueriezpas 
ilsnejoueraientpas 
What? A second present tense? I don't understand; I thought there was only one present tense! Help!
LE CONDITIONNEL PRÉSENT

The conditional is used in French to express: Courtesy. If you want to be polite in French, use this mood: Je voudrais du café, s'il vous plaît. I would like some coffee, please. An obligation or duty: Nous devrions partir pour prendre le dernier métro. We should leave if we want to get the last train.

Remember
: The French verb DEVOIR + Infinitive is the exact translation for SHOULD: We should leave if we want to catch the last train. The French verb POUVOIR is the exact translation for COULD or WOULD BE ABLE TO: Nous pourrions venir après le déjeuner. We would be able to come after lunch.

WHAT'S A VERB ? 
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Similar French Verbs
s'amuser  |  se distraire  |  se divertir  |  influer  |  intervenir  |  peser
WHAT'S A MOOD ? 
WHAT'S AN INFINITIVE ? 
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... An infinitive is the raw verb. It means "not expressing tense". For instance, in the sentence: "I go to bed early", the infinitive for the verb "I go" is: TO GO. So easy! In English, you get the infinitive adding TO before the verb in the sentence. Infinitives are everywhere. Look at this example: I want to leave early tonight. Yes, after a verb use with a person (I, you, he, she, etc.); in our example "I want", you'll always have an infinitive, in our example: to leave. ...

FRENCH VERB JOUER - THE INDICATIVE MOOD
The indicative mood – Recap. 
présent de l'indicatif
negative?
jejoue[je joue]
tujoues[tu joues]
iljoue[il joue]
nousjouons[nous jouons]
vousjouez[vous jouez]
ilsjouent[ils jouent]
présent de l'indicatif
positive?
jenejouepas [je ne joue pas]
tunejouespas [tu ne joues pas]
ilnejouepas [il ne joue pas]
nousnejouonspas [nous ne jouons pas]
vousnejouezpas [vous ne jouez pas]
ilsnejouentpas [ils ne jouent pas]
The easiest mood! If you want to merely make a statement or ask a question about anything really, you'll use the most common mood, the Indicative Mood. In short, this is the mood we use most of the time; the present, the future, the imperfect you normally use are indicative.
PRÉSENT DE L'INDICATIF

This tense is used most of the time. It indicates an action which is happening at the present time or a habitual action.

JOUER - FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS - VERB JOUER
futur
negative?
jejouerai
tujoueras
iljouera
nousjouerons
vousjouerez
ilsjoueront
futur
positive?
jenejoueraipas 
tunejoueraspas 
ilnejouerapas 
nousnejoueronspas 
vousnejouerezpas 
ilsnejouerontpas 
imparfait de l'indicatif
negative?
jejouais
tujouais
iljouait
nousjouions
vousjouiez
ilsjouaient
imparfait de l'indicatif
positive?
jenejouaispas 
tunejouaispas 
ilnejouaitpas 
nousnejouionspas 
vousnejouiezpas 
ilsnejouaientpas 
passé simple
negative?
jejouai
tujouas
iljoua
nousjouâmes
vousjouâtes
ilsjouèrent
passé simple
positive?
jenejouaipas 
tunejouaspas 
ilnejouapas 
nousnejouâmespas 
vousnejouâtespas 
ilsnejouèrentpas 
PASSÉ SIMPLE

Good news! This past tense is not used in conversional French. Only literary people use it in formal writing, for example, in a novel or a history book. The truth is that this tense is nearly dead. So… You can forget it for the moment (unless your proficiency level is very very high)

IMPARFAIT DE L'INDICATIF

This is a past tense. It is use to indicate repetition in the past or a habit in the past: Nous allions au restaurant tous les jours. We used to go to the restaurant every day.

It is also
the tense you must use when describing an action in the past: Il était heureux quand je l'ai vu. He was happy when I saw him.

FUTUR

This tense expresses an action which will take place at some time in the future. Nous irons en Chine l'hiver prochain. We will go to China next summer

WHAT'S A COMPOUND TENSE ? 
PASSÉ COMPOSÉ
More about The indicative mood! 
passé composé
negative?
j'aijoué[j'ai joué]
tuasjoué[tu as joué]
ilajoué[il a joué]
nousavonsjoué[nous avons joué]
vousavezjoué[vous avez joué]
ilsontjoué[ils ont joué]
passé composé
positive?
jen'aipasjoué [je n'ai pas joué]
tun'aspasjoué [tu n'as pas joué]
iln'apasjoué [il n'a pas joué]
nousn'avonspasjoué [nous n'avons pas joué]
vousn'avezpasjoué [vous n'avez pas joué]
ilsn'ontpasjoué [ils n'ont pas joué]
In French there are 7 compound tenses. But only 4 of them belong to the INDICATIVE.
PASSÉ COMPOSÉ

The Past Indefinite or Compound Past is used in everyday French. It's the informal past tense. It's used when people want to talk about facts, about actions which are finished in the past.

If you want
to describe your day at school or at the office, for example, you must use the Compound Past. There is no other way to do it.

If you want
to know what a compound tense is, go to the tab on the left hand side which says: "What's a compound tense?". Clever!?

TIP 
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... TIP: verb conjugation only occurs in two general areas: using person (I, you, he, she, etc.) and for tenses (Present, past, future, etc.). Conjugation for person happens when the subject changes; it depends on who is acting: I, you, he, she, etc. For example, we have I learn, you learn, s/he learns, etc. Using tense (past, present, future, etc.), remember that all verb conjugation starts with an infinitive verb (Put simple: an infinitive is the to form of a verb: to have, to be, to learn, etc.) ...

WHAT'S A PAST PARTICIPLE ? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB JOUER - VERB JOUER
Tip 
plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif
negative?
j'avaisjoué
tuavaisjoué
ilavaitjoué
nousavionsjoué
vousaviezjoué
ilsavaientjoué
plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif
positive?
jen'avaispasjoué 
tun'avaispasjoué 
iln'avaitpasjoué 
nousn'avionspasjoué 
vousn'aviezpasjoué 
ilsn'avaientpasjoué 
passé antérieur de l'indicatif
negative?
j'eusjoué
tueusjoué
ileutjoué
nouseûmesjoué
vouseûtesjoué
ilseurentjoué
passé antérieur de l'indicatif
positive?
jen'euspasjoué 
tun'euspasjoué 
iln'eutpasjoué 
nousn'eûmespasjoué 
vousn'eûtespasjoué 
ilsn'eurentpasjoué 
futur antérieur
negative?
j'auraijoué
tuaurasjoué
ilaurajoué
nousauronsjoué
vousaurezjoué
ilsaurontjoué
futur antérieur
positive?
jen'auraipasjoué 
tun'auraspasjoué 
iln'aurapasjoué 
nousn'auronspasjoué 
vousn'aurezpasjoué 
ilsn'aurontpasjoué 
It's really easy to understand compound tenses when you realise that:
*
The second part is always the same (It's like the –ed form in English; it's always the same in compound tenses).
*
But, the first part is not always in present tense. Remember the Compound past? J'ai préparé des spaghetti. (Literally: I have prepared spaghetti). This 1st part is in the present tense!

Now
, Look at the following tense: the pluperfect (le Plus-que-parfait):
J'avais préparé des spaghetti.
(I had prepared spaghetti). "I had" is not a present tense: it's the imperfect of TO HAVE. Thus, The pluperfect in English is identical to French; the first part of the tense is in the past.

Now
, look at this tense in English (tricky one): "I will have prepared spaghetti". The 1st part is "will have" (It's a future – The tense is called Future perfect and yes, it's English). In French, we will say: J'aurai préparé des spaghetti ("j'aurai" is TO HAVE in the future).
FUTUR ANTÉRIEUR

The Future Perfect or Future Anterior, is an interesting tense. In French and English, it is used to express an action which will happen in the future before another future action.

In English
we commonly use Shall have or will have + the Past participle.

See
the following example: When she calls me tomorrow, I shall have finished my report (Quand elle appellera demain, j'aurai fini mon rapport).

PASSÉ ANTÉRIEUR DE L'INDICATIF

Past Anterior. This tense is not very used in French; it's a literary tense (writing only). So, unless you are a writer and/or you want to read Balzac, you can put it aside for the moment.

PLUS-QUE-PARFAIT DE L'INDICATIF

The pluperfect or Past Perfect Indicative is used to express an action which happened in the past before another past action.

Tricky?
No. Look at the following example: "I had seen the movie he told us about." "I had seen" is the Pluperfect. You might never have seen this structure because in English, it's not really used. But it's perfectly correct. First someone told us about a movie (Past tense), second, I had seen it before (Action of "seeing" before the action of "telling"). Both tense are in the Past.

WHAT'S A PRESENT PARTICIPLE? 
FRENCH VERB JOUER - THE CONDITIONAL MOOD
The Conditional Mood 
le conditionnel présent
negative?
jejouerais
tujouerais
iljouerait
nousjouerions
vousjoueriez
ilsjoueraient
le conditionnel présent
positive?
jenejoueraispas 
tunejoueraispas 
ilnejoueraitpas 
nousnejouerionspas 
vousnejoueriezpas 
ilsnejoueraientpas 
It refers to actions / events which would, should or could happen in the future if certain conditions were met. In short, when an English speaker wants to use WOULD, SHOULD or COULD; she / he uses the conditional mood. Look at the following simple tense in conditional:
THE CONDITIONAL AND JOURNALISM

The conditional is often used in journalistic language. When journalists want to state something as an "alleged" fact, or doesn't wish to state something definitely true they use the conditional.

It is
also used in French as "could" and "would" are in English to make a request more polite: Je voudrais réserver une table pour deux, s'il vous plaît. (I would like to book a table for two, please.)

WHAT'S A TRANSITIVE VERB? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB JOUER
The conditional's compound tense! 
le conditionnel passé
negative?
j'auraisjoué
tuauraisjoué
ilauraitjoué
nousaurionsjoué
vousauriezjoué
ilsauraientjoué
le conditionnel passé
positive?
jen'auraispasjoué 
tun'auraispasjoué 
iln'auraitpasjoué 
nousn'aurionspasjoué 
vousn'auriezpasjoué 
ilsn'auraientpasjoué 
The conditional has only one compound tense; the Conditional Perfect (le Conditionnel Passé).
LE CONDITIONNEL PASSÉ

The Conditional Perfect. Is used to express an action or an event that you would have done if something else had been possible. "Would have" could be translated by the French conditional "j'aurais".

"Done"
is the past participle of to do (fait).

WHAT IS A SUBORDINATE CLAUSE? 
CONJUGATE FRENCH VERB JOUER - VERB JOUER
The Subjunctive mood 
présent du subjonctif
negative?
quejejoue
quetujoues
qu'iljoue
quenousjouions
quevousjouiez
qu'ilsjouent
présent du subjonctif
positive?
quejenejouepas
quetunejouespas
qu'ilnejouepas
quenousnejouionspas
quevousnejouiezpas
qu'ilsnejouentpas
imparfait du subjonctif
negative?
quejejouasse
quetujouasses
qu'iljouât
quenousjouassions
quevousjouassiez
qu'ilsjouassent
imparfait du subjonctif
positive?
quejenejouassepas
quetunejouassespas
qu'ilnejouâtpas
quenousnejouassionspas
quevousnejouassiezpas
qu'ilsnejouassentpas
The Subjunctive mood is used in French much more than in English (Actually, most English speakers don't know that it even exists!). But the Subjunctive is quite commonly used in English to express an idea contrary to a fact: "If I were you, I would learn a second language". In French, it is a very common tense. You'll use it if you want to express a wish, a fear, a doubt or a supposition.
IMPARFAIT DU SUBJONCTIF

The Imperfect subjunctive is not in use anymore. You'll find it in literature and old poetry. This tense is also rarely used in English.

PRÉSENT DU SUBJONCTIF

The subjunctive is used mainly in subordinate clause. It means that in the majority of cases where the subjunctive is used, there is no other choice; it is required after some specific expression. These expression express fear, doubt, supposition and wish.

Hang
on a minute! What does subordinate mean? See the tab on the left hand side of this page.

WHAT'S AN INTRANSITIVE VERB? 
FRENCH VERB JOUER - THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD
The subjunctive mood and compound tenses 
passé du subjonctif
negative?
quej'aiejoué
quetuaiesjoué
qu'ilaitjoué
quenousayonsjoué
quevousayezjoué
qu'ilsaientjoué
passé du subjonctif
positive?
quejen'aiepasjoué
quetun'aiespasjoué
qu'iln'aitpasjoué
quenousn'ayonspasjoué
quevousn'ayezpasjoué
qu'ilsn'aientpasjoué
plus-que-parfait du subjonctif
negative?
quej'eussejoué
quetueussesjoué
qu'ileûtjoué
quenouseussionsjoué
quevouseussiezjoué
qu'ilseussentjoué
plus-que-parfait du subjonctif
positive?
quejen'eussepasjoué
quetun'eussespasjoué
qu'iln'eûtpasjoué
quenousn'eussionspasjoué
quevousn'eussiezpasjoué
qu'ilsn'eussentpasjoué
spe The subjunctive mood has also compound tenses. The following ones are not very common in every day French conversation. They are actually quite rare.
PLUS-QUE-PARFAIT DU SUBJONCTIF

The Pluperfect or Past Perfect Subjunctive is rarely used in French and in English.

This tense
is avoided in conversational informal writing and speaking. It is useful if you read a lot of French literature from the 19th century.

PASSÉ DU SUBJONCTIF

The past or perfect subjunctive expresses a past action which is in relation to the present time.

This tense
is very rarely used in English but quite common in French. Il est probable qu'elle ait téléphoné (It's probable she may have called)

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